According to the federal government almost 2/3 of Americans are overweight and 1 in 3 Americans is obese. The problems occur when people are choosing foods with more sweeteners and calories, drinking more sodas, eating more candy, and
snacking all day long. Also, a big part of an unbalanced blood sugar regulation is the type of lifestyle filled with constant stress, toxins, malnutrition, and luck of exercise.
In the human body there are two major hormones that regulate blood sugar level: insulin and glucagon. In cases where glucose (blood sugar) levels increase, less glucagon and more insulin is released by the pancreas targeting liver.
In cases where glucose levels decrease, less insulin and more glucagon is released by the pancreas targeting liver. Therefore, for normal and healthy blood sugar regulation we need the pancreas and the liver in healthy working conditions.
Many of us are confused about cholesterol and blood sugar regulation. We blame those for all cardiovascular problems and diabetes. However, cholesterol is a natural substance found in our bodies especially in cells where it is needed in certain
quantity to make flexible, permeable membranes. Also, all our sex hormones are produced from the cholesterol in the body.
Our liver usually makes all the cholesterol we need. The cholesterol we ingest in our diet provides excess amount.
Cholesterol travels from liver and into our circulatory system on protein molecules called low-density lipoprotein (LDL), often called “bad cholesterol”. It is carried away from tissues and back to liver on high-density lipoprotein (HDL), frequently
called “good or protective cholesterol”. The more LDL we have, the more cholesterol is in circulation and the greater is our risk of heart disease.
Currently, experts recommend that our total blood cholesterol level should be less than 200 mg/dl.
The LDL level should be less than 130 mg/dl and the HDL level should be greater than 35 mg/dl. The ratio of our total cholesterol to HDL and the ratio of LDL to HDL are clues that indicate whether cholesterol is being deposited into tissue or it is
being broken down and excreted. The ratio of total cholesterol to HDL should be no higher than 4:2, and LDL-to-HDL ratio should not be higher that 2:5.